Your pet may not have quite as many options for allergy medications as we do, but there are still different treatment options for you and your veterinarian to discuss. We’ve pulled together a list of some of the different medicines your pet may benefit from this allergy season!
1) Atopica: Made for both cats and dog, this prescription medicine can be used to treat skin allergies. Since we know that allergies are overreactions of your pet’s own immune system, this medicine works by suppressing the immune cells that cause the reaction. This medicine comes in a capsule for dogs over 4lbs and in a liquid for cats and toy or teacup breeds of dogs who are under 4lbs. This medicine can also be used long-term.
2) Apoquel: This tablet for dogs moderates the immune system and treats allergy symptoms by controlling cytokines. Cytokines are the main cause of inflammation and itchiness associated with allergic reactions and Apoquel is able to regulate the cytokine levels in your dog. This medicine can also be used long-term and can be stopped abruptly if needed.
3) Steroids: Depending on the species, weight, and any other medical conditions your pet may have, steroids may be prescribed by your veterinarian to calm allergic reactions quickly. Steroids can have many negative affects if used long term such as liver and pancreatic problems. If your pet does need to be on steroids for an extended period of time, routine testing will need to be done to monitor your pet’s health.
4) Antibiotics: Antibiotics may be used short-term if your pet has hot spots or scabbing that are infected or to prevent infection. These do not treat the allergies themselves, but your veterinarian may add them to your pet’s allergy treatment plan.
5) Supplements: There are many additional steps that your veterinarian may recommend to treat your pet’s allergies. These may be vitamins for the skin and coat, hypoallergenic shampoos, etc. Your vet may also advise starting a food trial with a hypoallergenic cat or dog food to see if your pet has a food allergy.
6) Prescription Food Trial: Pets who have food allergies experience symptoms all year around. Discuss the different prescription foods with your veterinarian. When your pet has initially switched foods, no other treats or table foods should be given for at least 1 month. This way, you can fully determine if your pet has a true food allergy.
Emerald Animal Hospital carries all of the above products and would be happy to develop an individualized treatment plan for you and your pet. Call us at 216-749-7161 or send us an email at contactus@emeraldanimalhospital to set up an appointment for your pet.
Has your pet been on any of these medicines to help with their allergies? Let us know in the comments below!